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Hooked on Hooks

By Kastking | 22 January 2018 | 0 Comments

Selecting a fishing hook can be a challenge for a novice. This article explains the different types and sizes of hooks.

 

Let’s face it.  Terminal tackle isn’t the most exciting part of fishing tackle.  It can also be confusing to know what to use when, and hooks are no different.  There are many specialty hooks on the market today, allowing anglers to use the perfect hook for every application.  As the saying goes, use the right tool for the right job.  So, what is the right tool? Or…hook?

 

First, let’s break down the sizes of hooks.  Hooks are sized by number.  That number indicates the distance between the point and the inside of the shank of the hook. This is also called the gap.  For larger hooks, the number will increase in size as the hook size increases.  These hooks are labeled 1/0, 2/0, and up.  They are pronounced as” one-ought, two-ought,” etc.  Smaller hooks are simply denoted with a size number.   Size 1 through 14 for example.  These hooks will decrease in size as the number increases.  This can be confusing to some anglers, but just keep in mind the difference between the small hooks, and the big hooks, and that can clear up a lot of the misunderstanding.

 

hooks, fish hooks, fishing hooks, 1/0, 2/0, 3/0/ 4/0, 5/0, 6/0, 7/0, EWG

EWG hooks in 1/0 through 7/0 sizes

 

There are many different types of hooks, and each has its own set of applications.  The EWG (Extra Wide Gap) hook is the type used for things such as a Texas Rig.  This wide gap between the shank and the point of the hook make them perfect for bulky plastics.  When anglers are choosing a hook for a Texas rig, the size of the bait will determine the size of the hook.  A 5” worm may call for a 4/0 hook, but a small creature bait would work well on a smaller  3/0 or even a 2/0 hook. These hooks come in a light wire variety as well as a “super line” variety. The Super Line hooks are meant for heavy braid and pitching or flipping into heavy cover.  Many anglers believe that the light wire hooks offer easier penetration into a fish’s mouth, but still prefer the super line hooks for heavier applications.  Super line hooks will not straighten out under heavy pressure.

 

 

hooks, hook numbering, hook size

This illustration shows how the hook numbering system goes up and down in size.

 

Offset shank worm hooks are just what they say – worm hooks.  They offer enough room for a typical room to push down and bare the hook.  These also come in light wire and Super Line varieties.  These hooks are great for a variety of finesse tactics as well as power-fishing.   The smaller the worm, the smaller the hook that should be used.  To determine the size of the hook, look at the bait that will be used.  The idea is to try to have as much natural movement in the bait as possible.  The tail of the worm, at the very least, should move freely in the water.

 

Treble hooks are most often associated with hard baits, but they can also be found on soft-bodied swim baits.  Treble hooks come in all shapes and sizes.  The size number of treble hooks goes up as the size goes down.  Size 1 are bigger than size 2 and so forth.  Many anglers choose to change the treble hooks that come on crankbaits, jerkbaits, and topwaters.  They tend to use a bit bigger hooks than the originals, but keep in mind that moving sizes too far may cause hard baits to not work correctly.

 

treble, hook, sizes, fishing tackle, fishing hooks

Treble hook sizes

 

 

 

hooks, drop shot, fishing tackle

Drop Shot hooks

Drop shot hooks and Octopus hooks are for finesse presentations.  These are small hooks meant for light line and spinning set ups.  These hooks will easily pull out of a fish, and the baits used on them are typically very small.  Nose-hooking a bait on one of these hooks is a very popular presentation.  A size 1 or 2 are the most popular for drop shotting.  Again, it will depend on the size of the bait attached.  These are small hooks, so the bigger the number, the smaller the size.

 

 

 

swim bait, hooks, fishing tackle

Weighted Swim Bait hooks

Swim Bait hooks are a bit different, and there are many different kinds.  There are hooks that are weighted toward the eye of the hook, in the middle, and some that an angler can move at will.  They are hooks with a weight on the shank, and they come in a variety of weights and hook sizes.  Most often, these will be 3/0, 4/0, 5/0 and such.  They are bigger hooks for bigger baits.  Many also have a screw-loc at the eye of the hook.  The bait is screwed onto the screw and then threaded onto the point of the hook to keep the bait straight.  Again, the size of the hook needed will be determined by the bait, and the heavier the weight, the farther down in the water column the bait will stay while being retrieved.

 

 

 

Weedless hooks are great for skipping worms and other smaller plastics under docks and overhanging cover.  Weedless hooks, such as in the picture above, have guards over the point of the hook.  Often they are fished in a “wacky” style, where a worm is pierced through the center, rather than through the end.  These are weightless hooks and can be difficult to fish in windy conditions. But, they can also help an angler get a bait to a fish that have not seen much pressure.

weedless, hooks, fishing tackle

Weedless hooks

 

There are many types and sizes of hooks, and each have a different application.  The main thing to keep in mind is to keep the size of the hook small enough that the bait being used has the most action possible, but also large enough to hook a fish that bites.    Experimenting with a variety of hooks in a variety of situations can only lead to better results.  After all, the hook is the angler’s one line of defense in bringing in dinner, or a tournament winning fish.

 

 

 

— By Beckie Joki

Beckie Joki is an avid bass fisherman in Northern Wisconsin. She has an eye on conservation and the environment as it relates to all types of fishing. She is a member of the Hodag Bassmasters, and is a member of the Shawano Red Nek Bass Busters. She understands the importance of maintaining fisheries and looks to get younger generations into the sport of fishing. Beckie writes regularly for the Northern Wisconsin Fishing Examiner.

 

ABOUT EPOSEIDON:

 

Eposeidon (www.eposeidon.com ) is an e-commerce company (Eposeidon Outdoor Adventure, Inc.) that brings a fresh, innovative approach to anglers by offering quality fishing tackle products at the best prices and no cost, or low cost shipping. Eposeidon’s goal is to exceed expectations through outstanding customer service and superior product value to their customers. Eposeidon is continually expanding its product lines, which include KastKing(r) fishing line, fishing reels, and fishing rods, MadBite fishing lures, Ecooda reels, and other fishing tackle products, to meet individual fishing equipment needs. Eposeidon is headquartered in Garden City, NY, USA and sells fishing tackle products globally. Eposeidon is the sole North American Distributor for Ecooda fishing reels.

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